House Passes Short-Term Funding, PATRIOT Act Renewal

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House Passes Short-Term Funding, PATRIOT Act Renewal

This week the House of Representatives passed legislation that temporarily keeps the federal government open. In that legislation, however, House leadership also included a renewal of the controversial PATRIOT Act.

 

As explained in yesterday’s VoteSpotter blog post, Congress failed to pass appropriations bills to fund the federal government this fiscal year. The short-term bill that keeps the government open expires on November 21. There is no final agreement between the Trump Administration and Congress about what the entire year’s government spending priorities should be, so it is necessary for Congress to pass another short-term funding bill, known as a continuing resolution, to prevent a partial government shutdown.

 

As part of that continuing resolution, H.R. 3055, the House leadership also included a provision for a short-term reauthorization of the PATRIOT Act. This bill, passed in the wake of the 2001 terrorist attacks, greatly expanded federal surveillance powers. Some critics contend that it allows the federal government to have sweeping authority over monitoring communication of U.S. citizens. Supporters of the law counter that it is necessary to prevent terrorism.

 

There have been efforts since 2001 to modify parts of the PATRIOT Act. Since this law must be periodically reauthorized, this recurring debate gives critics an opportunity to debate these changes. Members of Congress who are particularly concerned about the PATRIOT Act, such as Rep. Justin Amash (I-MI), were vocal in their criticism of House Speaker Pelosi for including a renewal of the law in the government funding bill. He argued that tying this controversial reauthorization to a must-pass funding bill effectively short-circuits any debate over it.

 

The continuing resolution and renewal of the PATRIOT Act passed the House by a vote of 231-192. Under this bill, funding for the federal government would last through December 20. The PATRIOT Act reauthorization would last through March 2020.

 

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